English Model Paper for Class 12th : इन पेपर को कर लो 90%+ आएंगे

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1. Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow :

The physical, intellectual, patriotic and spiritual, then, are dimensions in which our young men and women must equip themselves so that they can really be of effective service to the nation. Needless to say this is a continuing process and the very act of national service itself helps to develop these capacities. What is required on the part of our youth’s is a keen sense of participation in what Jawaharlal Nehru used to call ‘‘the great adventure of nation-building.’’ There is no room here for cynicism or defeatism, boredom or depression. In whatever position our youth may find themselves there are always numerous avenues for national service. These may not such as to hit newspaper headlines, but it is solid and devoted activity multiplied a millionfold that truly builds the fabric of a great nation.

Questions :

(i) How can our youth serve effectively to the nation ? 2

(ii) Give the noun form of the word ‘develop’. 1

(iii) Give opposite word for “spiritual”. 1

(iv) Whom should all young men and women must serve ? 1

(a) family (b) workplace

(c) the nation (d) institute.

2. Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow :

Yet be it less or more, or soon or slow, It shall be still in strictest measure even To that same lot however mean or high, Toward which time leads me and the will of Heaven. All is, if I have grace to use it so, As ever in my Taskmaster’s eye.

Questions :

(i) What does the poet wish for ? 2

(ii) Give a word which has the same meaning as ‘balance’.1

(iii) Who is referred to as ‘Heaven’ in the above lines ? 1

(iv) ……….measure even to that same lot. 1

(Complete the line with appropriate words chosen from

given lines.)

3. Answer any six of the following questions : 6 × 2 = 12

(i) In how many ways is unity sought ?

(ii) On receiving the invitation, Mathilde wept. Why ?

(iii) In what ways does Miss Pushpa show her good spirit ?

(iv) Who exhales a dirge-like murmer and for what reason ?

(v) Why was Lushkov, the beggar, compelled to beg ?

(vi) How do people who pick things belonging to others satisfy

their conscience ?

Ans. People who pick things belonging to others satisfy their conscience by making an apology to themselves that they had done a mistake. They really like to feel that it was by mistake that they had taken someone else’s belonging. They give themselves excuses that it would be useless to go back and return the thing as the person would have gone by that time and that one has left his own thing for that person. They play hide and seek with their own conscience. They don’t feel sorry for their deeds.

(vii) Why does the author want our youth to be physically and intellectually strong ?

4. Answer any two of the following questions : 2 × 4 = 8

(i) Critically analyse the poem ‘On His Being Arrived At The Age of Twenty-Three’.

(ii) Give a brief character sketch of Einstein.

(iii) Write a short note on Netaji’s foresightedness.

5. Do as directed (any five) : 5 × 1 = 5

(i) Today she (learn) English. (Rewrite using present continuous tense)

(ii) You do your work. (Make negative)

(iii) She is never late. (Make affirmative)

(iv) We are going. (For a week, to Nainital, on Saturday) (Insert the adverbs given in brackets in their correct

places)

(v) If you ring the bell, the servant will come.(Disjoin the sentence to form two sentences)

(vi) We take a taxi. We miss the meeting.(Combine using ‘either….or’)

Ans. 

(i) Today she is learning English.

(ii) You do not do your work.

(iii) She is always on time.

(iv) On saturday, we are going to Nainital for a week.

(v) You ring the bell. The servant will come.

(vi) Either we take a taxi or we miss the meeting.

6. Do as directed : 5 × 1 = 5

(i) Give syllable division, number of syllables and phonetic transcription of : examination.

(ii) Pick the odd one out : speech, greet, great, deal.

(iii) Write the syllable structure of : air.

(iv) Write down one five-syllable word.

(v) Rina has done a good job. (Write the American English varient of the sentence)

Ans. 

(i) e–xa–mi–na–tion, /Ig,zæmI’n I∫ n, 5, 

(ii) great,

(iii) V,

(iv) examination/asssimilation/environmental(anyone),

(v) Rina did a good job.

7. Answer any one of the following questions : 5

(i) Describe in short the main characteristics of each of Swami’s four friends.

Ans. Swaminathan had four friends in his class. They were Somu, Mani, Sankar and Samuel, ‘the Pea’. Somu was the monitor of the class. He set about his business, whatever it was, with absolute confidence and calmness. He was known to be chummy even with the teachers. No teacher questioned him in the class. Mani was the mighty Good-For-Nothing. He towered above all the other boys of the class. He seldom brought any books to the class, and never did his homework. No teacher ever tried to prod him. He bullied all the strangers that came his way. In most of the classes, he stayed longer than his friends did. He came to the school wearing a cap at an angle, with a Tamil novel under his arm. The third friend Sankar was the most brilliant boy in the class. He got ninety percent marks and could solve any problem given to him. He could speak to the teachers in open class. He knew about all the rivers, mountains and countries of the world. He could repeat in his sleep. He was very good at Grammar. His face shined with intelligence. His nose was almost always damp and he came to the class with his hair braided and with flowers in it. The fourth friend was Samuel, known as ‘The Pea’ due to his size. There was nothing outstanding about him. He was just an ordinary boy, with no outstanding virtue of muscle or intellect. He was bad in arithmetic and apprehensive, weak and nervous about things. The only bond between them was laughter.

(ii) Swaminathan was waiting impatiently for his father to go out, but his exit was taking too long. Describe how father took so long to leave the house.

Ans. One Saturday afternoon, Swaminathan had planned to visit Rajam’s house. So he was eagerly waiting for his father’s departure. But his father was taking time in getting ready. He stood before the mirror, winding a turban round his head. He had put on his silk coat. Now only his spectacles remained. Swami watched his progress keenly. All that now remained was the watch. Swami felt glad at this was the last item and after that he would leave. But just then, his mother came with a tumbler of water in one hand and a plate of betel leaves and nuts in the other. She gave him a little areca nut and half a dozen neatly-rolled betel leaves. He put them all into his mouth, chewing them with great contentment. Swami read at the top of his voice the poem about a wolly sheep. His father fussed about a little for his tiny silver sniff-box and the handkerchief. He hooked his umbrella on his arm. This was the last signal for starting. Swami had almost closed his book and risen. His father had almost gone out of the room. But his mother stopped him and asked for some change. Father returned to his bureau, searched for the keys opened it, took out a purse and gave her the change. He locked the bureau, adjusted his turban before the mirror, took a heavy pinch of snuff wiping his nose with the handkerchief, walked out. Swami took a sigh of relief.

8. Answer any five of the following questions : 5 × 2 = 10

(i) What were the similarities between Swaminathan andSamuel, the Pea ?

Ans. Samuel was a friend of Swaminathan. He was known as ‘Pea’ because of his small size. He was just an ordinary boy with no outstanding physical or mental qualities, but he and Swaminathan were similar in several respects. Both of them were bad in arithmetic. They were apprehensive, weak and nervous about things. They laughed on things together as they could see the same absurdities and incongruities in things

(ii) What did Swaminathan tell his grandmother about Rajam ?

Ans. Swaminathan told his grandmother the story of the enmity and the subsequent friendship of Rajam and Mani. He said that Rajam was a great fellow and he had a real police dress since he was the son of Police Superintendent. He got ninety percent marks in arithmetic. He was also very brave as he had killed a tiger when he was small.

(iii) What made the boys end their enmity—Rajam’s lecture on friendship or the prizes he offered to each of them ? Support your answer with arguments.

Ans. Rajam gave an impressive lecture on friendship. When he stated the punishments one got for fostering enmity, as per Veda, his friends shuddered. They got afraid of the punishments they may get after life and hence decided to end their enmity and become friends again. However, the gifts offered by Rajam also had an effect on them and they were an added advantage.

(iv) Whom did Swaminathan suspect for writing ‘TAIL’ on the blackboard? What did he do then ?

Ans. One day, when Swaminathan entered the class, a giggle went around the benches. On looking about, he saw that somebody had written ‘TAIL’ in huge letters on the blackboard. He suspected Pea to have done it and thus he slapped him fiercely on his cheek. He burst into tears and said that he had not done it. Then Swami turned to Sankar and slapped him. Pandemonium broke out in the class with Sankar, Pea and Swami rolling over, tearing, scratching and kicking one another. The fight stopped when the teacher entered the class, but they left the class to continue it in the field adjoining the school.

(v) Which two morals did Swaminathan draw from the story in the question paper ? Which of them did he write in the answer book and why ?

Ans. In the question paper, there was a story of a Brahmin and the tiger. The question was to give the moral of the story. Swami had thought that the story did not contain any moral, but since the question paper mentioned it, therefore he felt it must be there. He took a minute to decide whether the moral was : ‘we must never accept a gold bangle when it is offered by a tiger’ or ‘Love of gold bangle costs one one’s life.’ He found the latter one better and wrote it down.

(vi) What change did Swaminathan observe in his father’s behaviour towards him before the examination ?

Ans. Swaminathan found a change in his father’s behaviour towards him before the examination. He had become fussy and difficult. He felt that he was always ready to harass him. He told him to study whenever he saw him chatting with his granny or wandering behind his mother. He was supposed to go to bed at nine at night and wake up early in the morning to study.

9. Answer any one of the following questions : 5

(i) “The play ‘The Silver Box’ is an attack on the hypocrisy of the British higher class”. Discuss.

Ans. The play ‘The Silver Box’ represents the conflict betweenthe upper and lower classes in the society. It exhibits the domination of the upper class over lower classes. The rich shape the law and order according to their interests. In the play, John Barthwick represents the British higher class. He is a liberal M.P. He has lofty principles about social reforms. He pretends and shows sympathy for the poor. He talks about their rights, but turns cool the moment his own interests are threatened He is a hypocrite and a selfish person. He can do anything to protect his name. He is afraid of public scandal. He protects his son twice in order to save his own good name from damage. He decides to make enquiries about the theft of silver box from his house, but when he feels that his name may be spoiled because his son is equally guilty, he wishes to take back the case and drop the charge of theft against Jones. He finally makes his son Jack tell a lie in the court in order to protect him and also his own name. Even on knowing that Jones is not guilty for the charge of theft he has laid and it is his son who is responsible for the whole issue, he does not open his mouth and lets him being imprisoned. To protect himself from being defamed, he lets an innocent person to suffer. When Mrs. Jones turns to him with an appeal, he turns his back upon her and goes away like a coward. He leaves her jobless and her family tostarve. The play therefore reveals the hypocrisy of the higher class people to fulfil their self-interests. The suppression of the poor by the rich is portrayed in the play.

(ii) Write a character-sketch of Mrs. Jones.

Ans. Mrs. Jones is a noble character in the play who winssympathy of the reader. She is a good woman but is avictim of malicious fate as well as society. She is falselyaccused of stealing a silver box by her employer. Shesuffers the tyranny of her husband who beats her cruellyin the state of drunkenness. She wishes to bring up herchildren properly and works hard to feed them but sheloses her job because of the charges of theft and violencelevied upon her husband. She is an honest and sincerewoman. She claims no privileges and asks no favours. Yetshe suffers the most.Mrs. Jones exhibits the character of being a good mother,a good wife and a dutiful person but she is a victim of fate.She works hard in order to feed her children, sends them to school even after suffering so much hardship and starving.  She focusses on the good qualities of her husband even when he treats her cruelly and is unemployed. She thinks that he is fond of children and it’s very hard for him to see them starving. She tries her best to save him from the grip of law when he is accused of theft and violence. Mrs. Jones is slim with dark eyes and oval face. She has a smooth, even and soft voice. She is gentle and modest. She is not aggressive like her husband. She is docile. She is unable to take a firm decision of leaving her husband who beats her cruelly in the state of drunkenness because she fears that he could be violent against her if she did so. She is completely innocent of theft. Yet she loses her reputation as well as job. She and her children are left to starve. The court verdict hits her in three ways. Her husband is sent to jail. She loses her job in Barthwick’ shouse. She loses her reputation as well as her lodging. The machinery of law crushes her. She is simple, honest and truthful and condemns Jone’s action of stealing somebody else’s purse.  Thus, Mrs. Jones exhibits the character of a good woman who is a good and faithful wife, a loving mother and adutiful and honest servant but is a victim of fate. She is an oble character who attains the sympathy and pity of the reader.

10. Answer any five of the following questions : 5 × 2 = 10

(i) What comment did Mr. Barthwick make regarding the case of the two girls ?

Ans. On hearing the case of the two little girls, Mr. Barthwicksaid it is a painful case with a very distressing state ofthings. He comments, “Most distressing ! The more I seeof it, the more important this question of the condition ofthe people seems to become. I shall certainly make a pointof taking up the cudgels in the House.”

(ii) What was Jones planning with stolen money ?

Ans. Jones has stolen a silver purse from Barthwick’s housecontaining more than seven pounds. He plans to go toCanada with the money in it and try his luck. He wishesto leave his family, not caring about them. He wants to live a happy life with another lady and have freedom.

(iii) What were the two charges made by the police against Jones ?

Ans. The two charges made by the police against Jones were thetheft of the silver box from Mr. Barthwick’s house and ofresisting the police in the execution of their duty by givinga blow to a police officer.

(iv) Describe the meeting between the Unknown Lady and Mr. Barthwick in your own words. What is the outcomeof this meeting ?

Ans. An unknown lady visits Mr. Barthwick’s house earlymorning. She actually wanted to meet Mr. Barthwick’s son,Jack Barthwick. But Mr. Barthwick said that his son wasnot quite well so she could tell him about the purpose of hervisit. She said that last night his son had taken her reticulein which there was her crimson silk purse containing allher money and she wanted it back. She said that she had aquarrel with him last night after they had supper togetherat her house and she was in dire need of that money whichcounted more than seven pounds. She was supposed to payher house rent that day.Mr. Barthwick’s son didn’t find that purse with him andhe himself did not have that much money to pay, thereforeMr. Barthwick had to pay her in order to protect his name.

(v) Write in your own words the proceedings of the caseof the two little girls in the court.

Ans. The play ‘The Silver Box’ focuses on the suffering of poorfamilies as a result of unemployment and poverty. Thecase of the two little girls in the court reveals how childrensuffer when homes break. Livens is an unemployed personand is unable to find a job even after attempting. Therefore,his wife leaves him and her two little daughters and goeswith somebody else when he is out of home. He has nohome and nothing to feed them, hence he leaves them inhis sister’s house who herself has eight children of her own.She therefore can’t afford to keep the girls with her. Theirfather also says that he is hand to mouth and won’t be ableto take their responsibility till he is unemployed. Therefore,the girls are sent to a home for destitute children.

(vi) What was the reaction of Mr. Barthwick after meeting with the unknown lady ?

Ans. After meeting with the unknown lady and paying her themoney she had in her purse, Mr. Barthwick rebuked hisson, Jack Barthwick. He said that he had no principle and he was a nuisance to the society. His conduct was unjustifiable and he had committed a crime. He said tha the would not defend him the next time, if he did so. Hewas not fit to be helped.

11. Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow :

If we wish to maintain democracy, not merely in form, but also in fact what must we do ? The first thing in my judgement we must do is to hold fast to constitutional methods of achievin gour social and economic objectives .The second thing we must do is to observe the caution which John Stuart-Mill has given to all who are interested in the maintenance of democracy, namely, not to lay their libertiesat the feet of even a great-man, or to trust him with powers which enable him to subvert their ‘institutions’. There is      nothing wrong in being grateful to great-men who haverendered life-long services to country. But there are limits to gratefulness. As has been well said by the Irish patriot DanielO’ Connel, no man can be grateful at the cost of his honour. No woman can be grateful at the cost of her chastity and no nation can be grateful at the cost of its liberty. This caution is far more necessary in the case of India than in the case of any other country in the world. For in India, Bhakti or what maybe called the path of devotion or hero-worship plays a part in its politics unequalled in magnitude by the part it plays in the politics of any other country in the world. Bhakti in religion- +may be road to the salvation of the soul. But in politics, Bhaktior hero worship is a sure road to degradation and to eventual dictatorship.The third thing we must do is not to be content with mere political democracy. We must make our political democracy a social democracy as well. Political democracy cannot last unless there lies at the base of it social democracy. What does social democracy mean ? It means a way of liberty, equality and fraternity are not to be treated as separate items in a trinity .They form a union of trinity in the sense that to divorce one from other is to defeat the very purpose of democracy. Liberty cannot be divorced from equality, equality cannot be divorced from liberty. Nor can liberty and equality be divorced from fraternity. Without equality, liberty would produce the supremacy of the few over the many. Equality without liberty would kill individual initiative.Without fraternity, liberty and equality could not become a natural course of things. It would require a constable to enforce them.

Questions :

(a) What are the dangers of hero-worship in politics ? 2

(b) What is the counterpart of political democracy which makes

it reality ? 2

(c) What are the three fundamentals of social democracy ? 2

(d) Write the adverb form of the word : ‘Obey’. 1

(e) Fill in the blanks with suitable word : 1

A man of strong will power can ………….. success.

(achieving, achieved, achieve)

(f) Find out a word from the passage which means : “Brotherly feeling.” 1

(g) Give a suitable title to the passage. 1

12. Read the following poem carefully and answer the questions that follow :

Trust no future, howe’er pleasant !

Let the dead Past bury its dead !

Act, act in the living present !

Heart within, and God o’er head !

Lives of great men all remind us

We can make our lives sublime.

And, departing, leave behind us;

Footprints on the sands of time

Footprints that perhaps another,

Sailing O’er life’s solemn main,

A forlorn and shipwrecked brother,

Seeing, shall take heart again.

Questions :

(i) Find out the word from the poem for the following meaning : 1

‘Final’.

(ii) Make the adjective form of the word ‘reality’. 1

(iii) Find out the word from the passage which means

‘extremely good and beautiful’. 1

(iv) Use the following word first as a noun and then as a verb— ‘Act’. 2

13. Write an essay on any one of the following : 7

(i) Any Current Burning Problem of India

(ii) Importance of Games and Sports

(iii) My Ambition in Life.

(iv) Science and Peace.

14. You are Sonali Mishra. Traffic jams and road accidentsare a common feature in your city as people don’t followthe traffic rules and don’t drive in proper lanes. As aconcerned citizen, you decide to write an article on “Artof Safe Driving.” You can take help from the followingtips : 4

—You save time as there won’t be any traffic hold up.

—You save petrol because of continuous traffic flow.

—You save money because you will save petrol.

—You help in reducing noise and air pollution.

—You can cut down the risk of accidents.

—You save yourself from heated arguments.

—You reach your destination faster.


Or

 Write a report of your school NSS Camp, to be publishedin your school magazine. You are Mohit studying in G.H.S.School, Rewa.

15. You are Rashmi residing at 70/B, Rajgarh Colony, Damoh.Write a letter of complaint to the Supervisor, M.P. Electric-ity Board, Damoh regarding the frequent breakdown inelectricity supply in your area. 4

Or

You are Naveen Pratap Singh, a resident of 49, Tilak Nagar,Indore. The deaths due to violence have increased consider-ably during recent years. Write a letter to the editor of themagazine ‘World Today’ suggesting how educated youthcan play a major role in establishing peace in society.

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